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France Galop’s budget in 2016
France Galop’s budget is essentially powered by levies on betting registered on French races and a selection of foreign races offered to gamblers in France.
This is complemented by another levy on sports betting and poker proposed by the EIG PMU, partnerships and sponsorship from major events, space rental contracts of racecourses for events, TV Rights in France and abroad, services given to members, and revenues from holdings.
The budget in 2016, which totals €447 million, allows France Galop to support the industry (see below) and the 77,000 employees that it generates. The organisation also covers the functioning costs of racing as well as the promotion and regulation of over 7,300 races taking place at the 151 racecourses across France. It also manages six racetracks, as well as three training centres.
Prize Money and Premiums in 2016
The distribution of financial rewards to the industry is one of the main reasons for France Galop’s existence. This includes prize money, Owners’ and Breeders’ Premiums for French breds and assimilated horses, as well as travel allowances.
In 2016, €281,6 million will be distributed by France Galop to owners, breeders, trainers and jockeys that win prize money in French races. These rewards are largely subject to the betting PMU’s betting activity on racing, ticket sales, sponsors, and entry fees into races from owners.
PMU Turnover in 2015
Europe’s number one betting operator on horse racing, the PMU registered a turnover of nearly €9 billion euros in 2015 from betting in France and from abroad on French racing, both thoroughbred and trotting. Of this amount, 75% of this was redistributed back to gamblers. Nearly €876 million was given to the government, and a further €807 million went to the governing bodies of racing, France Galop and Le Trot for trotters.
Number of staff at France Galop in 2016
France Galop’s team is made up of 450 people spread between its headquarters in Boulogne Billancourt as well as several different areas run by the organisation.
In addition to the more regular roles of any establishment, there are some very specific ones to horse racing that are based on the racetrack, training centres and at the head office.
An organisation governed by the law of 1901, France Galop has nearly 9,600 licensed members including 4,500 owners, 4.098 breeders, 414 trainers, and 572 jockeys and apprentices. Each one votes every four years to elect its representatives which comprises half of the France Galop board.
Number of Group 1 races
The most prestigious races in the world of horse racing are those with Group 1 status. The most famous of these are the Qatar Prix de l’Arc de Triomphe, the Prix du Jockey Club, the Prix de Diane Longines and the Grand Steeple-Chase de Paris.
France Galop organise 27 Group 1 races on the flat each year, nearly a third of Europe’s total, as well as nine Group 1s over jumps.
France's Group 1 races
Racecourses in France used for thoroughbred racing
Thoroughbred Horse Racing in France is spread between 151 different racecourses with 7,318 races taking place each year. This makes an average of 20 races per day from the beginning to the end of the year. France Galop directly manages six racecourses: Longchamp, Auteuil, Chantilly, Saint-Cloud, Maisons-Laffitte and Deauville.
The introduction of All-Weather surfaces, notably at Deauville, Chantilly and Pornichet-La Baule, has allowed racing to continue north of the Loire river during the winter.
Horses In Training
There are around 10,000 horses in training registered with France Galop during the peak of the season (May/June) on the flat and over jumps. They are spread throughout France, however the biggest number resides in Chantilly, where 2,500 are trained. There are several other training centres across France including Maisons-Laffitte (Yvelines), Pau (Pyrenees-Atlantiques), Callas (Bouches-du-Rhône), Deauville (Calvados), Sennones-Pouance (Mayenne), Chazey-sur-Ain (Ain), Nort-sur-Erdre (Loire-Atlantique), Royan-La Palmyre (Charente-Maritime), Moulins (Allier), Dragey (Manche) and Mont-de-Marsan (Landes), as well as a number of private establishments.
These horses run across France throughout the year, adding up to nearly 75,000 runners together with other foreign challengers. In particular, a number come from the British Isles, Germany, Belgium, Switzerland, Italy and Spain, as well as occasionally from Eastern Europe (notably the Czech Republic).